What Is Drug Abuse?
Drug Abuse And Addiction, refers to a persistent, relapsing condition in which the drug user instinctively spends time searching for and using a prohibited drug. This type of addiction is typified by neurochemical as well as molecular alterations in the brain. As it is cocaine, heroin, lysergic acid diethylamide, mandrax, barbiturates, and a variety of opiates are some of the most commonly used drugs, which are subject to substance abuse by drug users.
Signs Of Drug Abuse
Addiction happens to be a very complex disorder, which is typified by drug use. In general, those who get addicted to drugs feel an uncontrollable and overwhelming need for drug usage, even if there are threats of adverse outcomes. This type of self-destructive behavior may be quite hard to identify with.
The answer to this lies within the brain. Frequent drug usage modifies the brain, resulting in a long-lasting alteration in behavioral patterns and physiology. Such brain changes interfere with the ability to comprehend, control one’s behavior, apply sound judgment, or feel normal sans drugs. These alterations are also to be blamed for drug cravings and compulsion to drug usage, which make addictions so powerful.
Signs and symptoms of drug abuse include physical warning signs, such as bloodshot eyes, which are smaller or larger than usual, alterations in sleep patterns or appetite, unexplained weight gain or weight loss, deterioration in physical appearance, unusual smells, slurred speech, impaired coordination or tremors, etc. The behavioral symptoms in such a condition include a drop in attendance and performance in school or work, an unexplained requirement for money, which, if unsatisfied, may lead to stealing, getting engaged in secretive behavior, sudden alterations in friends or hobbies, etc. Apart from that, there may be several psychological warning symptoms, such as aggressive behavior leading to fights, irritability, sudden mood swings, giddiness, or lack of motivation.
In case of such warning signs, it is better to take appropriate steps in this regard. If a person is suffering from drug addiction, they should go for a drug rehabilitation program.
Drug Treatment Program
A drug rehabilitation program refers to medical or psychotherapeutic treatment regarding dependence on various psychoactive substances like cocaine, heroin, etc. The primary purpose is to allow the patient to stop substance abuse to avoid psychological, legal, social, financial, and physical consequences, which may be caused, mainly due to excessive abuse.
Several treatment procedures are applied for achieving the desired results, such as Top Treatment Centers, residential treatment, out-patient, extended care centers, local support groups, and recovery houses. Medication includes buprenorphine as well as behavioral therapies in case of stimulant addiction, which are often used. Certain opioid medications like methadone are also widely used for treating addiction as well as dependence on drugs. Buprenorphine and methadone are maintenance therapies used to stabilize abnormal opioid systems and are used for withdrawing the patients from narcotics. Ibogaine is another medication that may be used to interrupt both psychological cravings and physical dependence on a wide range of drugs.
Behavioral therapies include cognitive-behavioral therapy, multidimensional family therapy, motivational interviewing, as well as motivational incentives.