Stats On Drug Addiction
The statistics of drugs in the United States are staggering. According to a study from the US Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 112,085,000 Americans aged 12 or over report having used an unlawful medication at any rate once in their life.. According to the national institute on statistics on drug use in america, 46.1 % of the US population aged 12 and over. Out of these people, the same study estimates that there are 30 million US citizens addicted to drugs, either prescription or illegal.
The rehab treatments available for addicts vary as much as the addictions themselves. The first step is to ascertain the severity of the person’s addiction and their drug of choice. Other issues, such as age, gender, race, sexual orientation, and environment, are also factored into the mix. Once that information is gathered, the counselor can find the best treatment for that particular person. Most treatments begin with behavior modification to help people cope with their drug cravings while offering them suggestions on ways to avoid drugs. Is sometimes the hardest lesson for people to accept as the first suggestion is usually to prevent known drug users, which often cuts the person off from their friends. Many medications have been used successfully in fighting drug addiction. These include, but are not limited to, methadone, naltrexone, and Levo-Alpha Acetyl Methadol, known as LAAM.
Methadone has been an accepted form of detoxification from narcotics for over thirty years. The patient receives a carefully monitored daily dose of methadone; a synthetic narcotic suppresses the opioid receptor in the brain that is triggered by opiate use and allows addicts to change their addictive behaviors. It reduces the cravings and uncontrolled impulses seen with heroin addiction, but the patient must then gradually weaned from the methadone, which could take years. However, since the harmful side effects of illegal drugs are gone, the patient can be helped to return to a healthy life.
Naltrexone isn’t too known as methadone, however it is exceptionally successful in people genuinely roused to defeat their enslavement. Naltrexone, when utilized related to clonidine, can abbreviate the detoxification time to one day instead of the fourteen days important for similar outcomes from methadone. Results in considerable cost savings. However, people using naltrexone have a higher relapse rate than patients using methadone. Doctors theorize that this is because naltrexone does not have side effects, such as the withdrawal symptoms experienced by methadone users, when it discontinued.
LAAM is another alternative to methadone. It needs to administer only three times a week, which, like naltrexone, results in significant cost savings. Studies have shown that patients on LAAM may need more counseling and support when they first begin treatment as their ignorance of the treatment causes more anxiety.
Besides behavior modification and medical intervention, many other rehab forms can be used concurrently with the former two treatments. These include substance use monitoring, support groups, counseling, family services such as childcare, housing and transportation, education, medical care, financial aid, and legal services. These subsidiary services are needed to help the patient return to a productive life since many addicts have concurrent problems such as depression or other psychosis.
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